2023 Edition Program


Event: WOmaNchine Learning
New Virtual, Augmented, Artificial Worlds
Just a Prompt Away

November 22-23-24, 2023, Hybrid Event, In-Person and Online on FAD Platform


The key themes of the eighth edition of the Forum of Mediterranean Women Journalists are: #AIjournalism #promptjournalism #promptknowledge, all of which are at the heart of the epoch-making challenge posed by artificial intelligence to journalism and knowledge production. The title “WOmaNchine learning” alludes to the need for generative AI to be expanded to include “other” and non-majority ways of reading and viewing reality, including gender and ethnic minorities, sexual orientation, and skills.

In Europe, only 16% of AI professionals are women. If all knowledge is always concentrated in the usual male majority, even in the field of AI and in the global information system, this gender gap will create a contaminated ecosystem where power is self-reinforcing, following a mechanism based on binary and inherently violent opposites (us/them), nullifying the “choral” practice of non-violence

Article 5 bis of the Code of Ethics, as well as the Charter of Rome included in the Code of Ethics, require journalists to use the correct gender language, without gender stereotypes, when reporting on cases of violence and femicide. But some AI-powered translation tools might exclude the female gender in the transition from one language to another, or reproduce “racial” stereotypes when it comes to representing foreigners or migrants, thus reproducing the historical matrix of colonial power in the modern era. These are just some of the critical issues that experts already see on the horizon. On the other hand, the challenges and opportunities for the mass media world are endless and in many cases have already been addressed by newsrooms.

The Forum of Mediterranean Women Journalists brings together the voices of different women: from journalists to civic activists, human rights defenders, representatives of institutions, academics, researchers, from Italy and abroad, to train journalists, students and key stakeholders.

The aim of the Forum is to propose a sense of difference, a “different” vision from the dominant one, starting from the analysis of the language in which women speak and are narrated, including their personal struggles, collective commitments and war experiences, both in conflict zones and in post-conflict situations. It is about the decisive role of women in building a world of peace, security and conflict resolution, even when this world and these worlds are “virtual”, “augmented”, “artificial”, in order to highlight and make known that women, even more than men, have to fight for their voices to be heard and for space to actively participate in peacebuilding.


Students of Bari University, journalists and aspiring journalists are invited to participate in this Forum, which will enable them to improve their understanding of forgotten conflicts and women’s peace-building activities in war zones, as well as in other types of wars, including “virtual wars”. The numerous invited panelists include: women scientists and academics, war journalists and reporters, representatives of the diplomatic, humanitarian and international cooperation world, as well as women migrants and refugees from conflict zones, women experts in new technologies, virtual reality, augmented and artificial intelligence, gathered together to collect testimonies on the impact of these realities on “bodies”, “ecosystems”, ” communities” and on the role that women themselves play in promoting peace and security initiatives and conflict resolution, reconstruction and reconciliation..

Scientific Committee

Loredana Perla, Director of the For.Psi. Department, Uniba

Luigi Cazzato, Coordinator of the Master in Journalism, Uniba

Marilù Mastrogiovanni, Founder of the Forum

Lorena Carbonara, University of Calabria

Armida Salvati, Uniba

Rosa Gallelli, Uniba

Ylenia De Luca, Uniba,

Filippo Silvestri, Uniba

Antonella D’Autilia, Uniba

Laura Corradi, Unical

Claudia Attimonelli, Uniba


Giorno 1 – En

22 November 2023

Aula Leogrande, palazzo ex Poste Piazza Cesare Battisti 1, UNIBA - Ore 14.30-16.30

Panel 1 - WO-MaNchine Learning: Ontological and Deontological Challenges

Article 5 bis of the Code of Ethics mandates the use of gender-neutral language and avoidance of stereotypes when reporting on instances of violence and femicide. The Charter of Rome, which is also part of the Code of Ethics, requires precise and sensitive representation of cultural and ethnic minorities. Some AI-powered translation tools may perpetuate colonial power dynamics by excluding women when translating between languages, or by perpetuating racial stereotypes when representing foreigners or migrants (Quijano, 2001). These issues have been identified as critical concerns by experts. The mass media industry faces numerous challenges and opportunities. In response to these innovations, editorial staff members have taken action in many cases.

Marilù Mastrogiovanni – Forum Founder and Director
Silvia Garambois – National President of Giulia Giornaliste

Stefano Bronzini – Rector of the University of Bari Aldo Moro
Felice Blasi, Vice President of Corecom Puglia
Loredana Perla, Director of the For.Psi.Com Department of UNIBA
Giuseppe Moro, Director of the Political Science Department of UNIBA
Luigi Cazzato, Director of the Master in Journalism at UNIBA
Gianluigi De Gennaro, Director of the Center for Innovation and Creativity, University of Bari
Alessandra Costante, Secretary General of the FNSI
Piero Ricci, President of the Puglia Journalists' Association
Bepi Martellotta, Regional Secretary of Assostampa
Raffaele Lorusso, Executive Committee of the International Federation of Journalists (IFJ)
Lino Patruno, Direttore di Mediterr@neonews, Master in giornalismo di UNIBA
Gianfranco Lopane, Regional Minister for Tourism, Development and Entrepreneurship, Puglia Region
Rossella Matarrese, Regional Coordinator of Giulia Giornaliste


Panel 2 - Artificial Intelligence and Prompt Journalism

In Europe, only 16% of AI professionals are women. If all knowledge is always concentrated in the usual male majority, even in the field of AI and in the global information system, this gender gap will create a contaminated ecosystem where power is self-reinforcing, following a mechanism based on binary and inherently violent opposites (us/them), nullifying the "choral" practice of non-violence. However, if the job of the journalist is to ask the right questions in order to get answers that go beyond the best expectations of the interlocutor, then AI introduces a new professional figure, that of the "prompt journalist", a journalist trained on the new AI tools to deal consciously (and with all the tools of the profession in his pocket) with the acquisition of new and perhaps unimaginable sources of information.

Sabino Di Chio, UNIBA
Giampaolo Altamura, UNIBA
Barbara D’amico, Digital journalist
Gabriele Cruciata, Google news lab

Chair: Marilù Mastrogiovanni, Former chair of the World press freedom prize “Guillermo Cano”, Unesco


Giorno 2 – En

23 November 2023

Aula Starace, dip. Scienze Politiche

Panel 3 - Algorithmic Discrimination and Oppression: Possible Algorithmic Ethics

If artificial intelligence is a system that can replicate the generative functioning of human intelligence, then it is necessary to ask what kind of "human" is its source: what kinds of collective consciousness it draws upon to create new ones; what languages it uses and how it deals with the stereotypes these languages contain; what ethical systems it refers to, who has labeled them, and at what cost; whether generative machine learning falls into the otherization and racialization of minorities (ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation). In short, if artificial intelligence simulates human intelligence so well, are we so sure that there is no risk that it will also replicate and amplify its flaws as well as its virtues?

Darya Majidi, Women in AI Ambassador, President of Women 4.0
Patrizia Calefato, Uniba
Claudia Attimonelli, Uniba
Adriano Ferraresi, University of Bologna, Principal Investigator of the UNITE project - Universally Inclusive Technologies to Practice English Online
Francesca Raffi, University of Macerata, Head of the UNITE Project Unit - UNiversally Inclusive Technologies to Practice English Online
Claudia Padovani, University of Padova - online
Alice Baroni, University of Padova - online
Cristiana Bedei, ENWE

chair: Marisa Ingrosso, GiULia Journalists' Association, La Gazzetta del Mezzogiorno

Ore 09.00-11.30

Panel 4 - Women & Artificial Intelligence - From Discrimination to Emerging Challenges

The year 2023 seems to be the turning point in the production and deployment of generative artificial intelligence. The revolution is already underway, with increasingly significant applications of AI in all fields, accompanied by legitimate fears of replacement even for intellectual work.

Rania Wazir : Mathematician, data scientist, co-founder and CTO of leiwand.ai, "The invisibles of AI" - online
Graziana Capurso, Head of the Internet Newsroom, Gazzetta del Mezzogiorno
Enrico Ciavolino, Associate Professor of Psychometrics at the University of Salento. CREIS Associate. "Data Science in Human and Social Science for Women empowerment"
Roberta De Siati: Lawyer, expert in anti-discrimination law, treasurer of the Bar of Bari and member of CREIS - "Artificial Intelligence, the new frontier of the legal professions"
Serenella Molendini - President of CREIS and Substitute for Gender Equality Officer at the Ministry of Labor and Social Welfare

Chair: Armida Salvati, Uniba


Panel 5 - The Reason for the News: Digital Journalism for Children

The complexity of the various kinds of collective consciousness conveyed by the equally complex mass media systems available to children's audiences requires new skills from journalists in order to foster democratic participation from an early age.
What characteristics should journalistic products for minors have and how can they stimulate the formation of opinions on a critical and autonomous basis? Professional ethics stands at a crossroads between the need to update formats without diluting their meaning in the excessive fragmentation of social networks and the need to keep the bar of professional ethics high. Recent experiments show that the tools of the profession can “shine” again in contact with modernity.

Iris Luarasi, Albanian Media Institute; former president Grevio
Joaquim Ramos Pinto, president of the Portuguese Association of Environmental Education, ASPEA
Paulo Lima, Journalist, Founder of the NGO VIRAÇÃO Educomunicação
Paula Estalayo Bielsa, Coordinadora Octaedro Universidad)
Juan Leon, Octaedro Universidad Barcelona
Manuel Leon, Octaedro Universidad Barcelona
Valentina Isernia, Journalist, Vice President of Ideadinamica Scarl

Chair: Rosa Gallelli, Uniba

14.30-16.30 Aula Starace, Uniba

Panel 6 - Kurdistan, A Possible Utopia

IFor decades, the Kurdish people have been victims of brutal ethnic cleansing by Turkey, Syria, Iran and Iraq. But there are those who do not bend under the blows of patriarchal violence and find the strength to imagine and put into practice a new social system based on ecofeminism: they are the women of Jineoloji.
However, the history of these crimes against humanity finds little space in the mainstream information, where it is necessary to give a voice to oppressed minorities, with a language that respects their migratory background as well as the sources that protect them, even if they are far away from our daily Western reality.

Daniele Petrosino, Uniba
Ergin Nesrin, Turkish-Kurdish refugee journalist
Laura Cima, National Ecofeminist Coordination
Luciana Borsatti, Former Correspondent of Ansa in Iran
Marilù Mastrogiovanni, Director of the Forum of Mediterranean Women Journalists

chair: Lorena Carbonara, UniCal, Coordinator S/Murare il Mediterraneo


Giorno 3 – En

24 November 2023

Aula don Tonino Bello palazzo ex Enel, via Crisanzio 42 - 9.00-13.30

Panel 7 - Decolonizing the New Mass Media Worlds

Today, it is an ethical obligation to guarantee information free of discrimination and stereotypes towards minorities and women. Public broadcasters and newspapers monitor the representation of the female figure to ensure pluralism of themes, subjects and languages, and to contribute to the creation of social cohesion through their schedules and programs. The Global Media Monitoring project monitors the use of stereotypes and discrimination against women in the global media, including the Italian media. The association of women journalists GiULia Giornaliste, also known as Giornaliste Unite Libere Autonome (United Free Independent Women Journalists), founded in 2011, with its report "Sui generis", highlights the very limited space given to women's bylines in newspaper editorials, especially when the news in question concerns topics traditionally covered by men. Understanding the detection mechanism is useful to learn to recognize the stereotypes hidden behind the narratives in order to "decolonize" journalism from the male-dominated, sexist, racist, homophobic matrix with which the information is imbued.

Antonella D’Autilia, UNIBA
Leila Belhadj Mohamed, freelance journalist
Alberto Fornasari, UNIBA
Paola Rizzi, Giulia giornaliste
Grazia Pia Attolini, Ossigeno per l'informazione
Francesca Dragotto, Director of the Research Center "Grammar and Sexism", University of Rome Tor Vergata, ISIM - online
Cristiana Bedei, freelance journalist

Modera: Marta Cariello, Università degli Studi della Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”


Panel 8 - Mediterraneo: no more Nakba/Shoah/_

News about wars around the world must be truthful, unbiased, and relevant, and must avoid polarization or one-sidedness. Greater adherence to Codes of Conduct, including the Charter of Rome, is needed to protect minorities, as well as oppressed and migrant populations. The rapid spread of fake news, especially on social networks, requires greater professionalism and competence on the part of war reporters to verify and protect their sources. The new information technologies are becoming the stage for the new "cyber wars". Information itself is becoming a major player in shifting global geopolitical balances. The MENA region has never ceased to be a powder keg, where ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity have been taking place for decades, in the total disinterest of the mainstream information, which for the most part is biased and only highlights the positions of the West.

Francesca Albanese, UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Palestinian territories occupied since 1967
Alba Nabulsi, New Arab Journalist, +972 Magazine, Local Call
Nabil Salameh, singer-songwriter, teacher of ethnomusicology
Maya Issa, President of the Palestinian Student Movement in Italy, Diaspora Activist
Luciana Borsatti, former correspondent of Ansa in Iran
Giuseppe Spagnulo, UNIBA
Egeria Nalin, UNIBA

CHAIRS: Luigi Cazzato, UNIBA, Armida Salvati, UNIBA